On this page, you will learn all about this year’s H-1B lottery results and what the chances were of being selected in the H-1B lottery FY 2024 season. Under the regular cap, 65,000 petitions will be selected in addition to 20,000 for the advanced degree exemption. Here you’ll find what your current H-1B lottery odds are, and we’ll update once the registration period ends to narrow down H-1b probability.
The first round of the lottery concluded on March 27th, 2023 and selected applicants were notified. Attorneys and petitioners are receiving email notifications to check their registration accounts for selection notices. A sample notification is posted below. The email is being sent from [email protected] to the employer’s and/or attorney’s email address that was used for registration. Employers selected during the lottery are able to file complete petitions beginning April 1st until June 30th, 2023.
What are My H-1B Lottery Chances in 2023?
With a completely random selection, H-1B visa probability can be challenging to calculate but check out our approximations below. To determine your H-1B lottery odds or chances of getting selected, we would need first to have the number of petitions submitted into the lottery pool.
We divide registrations by the availability ratio (780,884/85,000)= 9.19. This essentially means that for every 1 H-1B visa cap slot, USCIS received 9.19 H-1B registrations, so USCIS received about 9 registrations for every 1 available cap slot. So the chances of selection are 85,000/780,884 = 10.89%. So for every 100 registrations submitted, 11 would be selected in the lottery. Compared to last year, there were 483,927 H-1B registrations, so 296,957 more registrations were filed this year (61.36% increase).
USCIS received a total of 780,884 H-1B registrations but of that number, only 758,994 were considered eligible. The pool of registrations that were not considered eligible were either duplicate registrations, did not complete payment or were not valid for other reasons. The number of eligible H-1B applicants with only one H-1B registration was 350,103 (filed registrations with only one employer and one coinciding job offer). The number of H-1B applicants with multiple H-1B registrations was 408,891 (had registrations with more than one employer/ multiple H-1B offers). Out of the total pool of H-1B registrations, USCIS chose 110,791 to fulfill the H1B cap of 85,000. They selected an additional 25,791 registrations (110,791-85,000) to account for denials, non-filings, and other factors.
Note: USCIS has not provided any information regarding the breakdown of H1B registrations between the Masters quota and Regular quota, nor have they disclosed any other metrics related to employers. While such data has been released in previous years, this year it was not included.
USCIS has expressed concern over a sharp rise in the number of employers submitting multiple H-1B registrations for the same applicant, suspecting that some may be exploiting the system. Comparing the numbers between FY 2023 and this year, the figures have risen significantly from 165,180 to 408,891 respectively. This marks an increase of 147%, with employers submitting an additional 243,711 multiple H-1B registrations.
Reaction From Our Attorneys
AILA is calling on the Biden administration to take prompt measures to enhance the integrity of the H-1B registration system, which has become susceptible to abuse in recent times. Although AILA endorses the measures taken by USCIS to simplify the registration and lottery process, it has become increasingly apparent that the system’s shortcomings need to be addressed.
As has been the subject of countless debates, the annual H-1B cap is extremely low and does little to meet the demand for qualified foreign workers. Year after year, the demand for the H-1B visa numbers increases and far exceeds the low supply. It is this undeniably high demand that necessitates the H-1B registration lottery each year. However, this system is untenable, given the record increase in registrations every year since it was introduced in 2021. For example, the FY 2024 cap saw a record 758,994 registrations, an increase of 284,573 from the FY 2023 cap.
The sheer number of total registrants has been an unexpected facet of the FY 2024 H-1B registration period. As mentioned previously, from a total of 780,884 H-1B registrations, only 758,994 were considered eligible. These figures speak to an issue of multiple registrations being submitted, thus indicating a vulnerability in the agency’s administration of the H-1B lottery. As a result, USCIS has initiated talks of implementing certain reforms. This could include increasing the registration fee as a deterrence method, or possibly even other drastic changes to ensure fairness to eligible registrants.
Needless to say, reform is long overdue and Congress needs to address this demand by increasing the number of H1B visas.
Looking Back at Past H-1B Seasons
In some years, the number of applications received has been higher than in others.
For example, in the FY 2022 lottery season, 483,927 petitions were received. Since 65,000 are designated for the visa cap, that’s a 13% chance of selection. However, you need to subtract the 6,800 petitions allocated for Chile and Singapore, so the odds were a bit lower than 13% for that year.
The prior H-1B lottery season (FY 2021), slightly fewer petitions were received (274,237), which meant there was a higher chance of selection than last year. If you qualify for the advanced degree exemption, you have a little higher chance of selection since you’re entered into both pools for the lottery. Again, your exact H-1B lottery odds will depend on how many submissions are received and if you qualify for the master’s cap or regular cap.
Is the H-1B Lottery Really Random?
The H-1B lottery is currently wholly random. USCIS selects randomly from those that completed the H-1B registration accurately. Due to demand, USCIS randomly selects 85,000 registrations to be sent to processing. The demand is so high because the H-1B may seem easier due to the relatively low eligibility criteria compared to other nonimmigrant visas.
The H-1B visa requires you to:
- Have a job offer from a U.S. employer for a specialty position requiring a bachelor’s degree.
- Possess at least the required bachelor’s degree.
- Not be the sole proprietor of the sponsoring company.
The potential H-1B employer must fill out Labor Certification Application for you.
This means that your employer must make four attestations to the Department of Labor:
- Your employment must not have a detrimental impact on the workers currently employed.
- The current employees must be notified of their employer’s intent to hire them.
- You must be paid the prevailing wage as a minimum. This is a wage that is calculated based on your position and geographic location.
- The job location must not be experiencing a lock-out or strike.
How the H-1B Lottery Works
Here’s a brief overview of how the H-1B cap lottery functions and your H-1B lottery chances for the fiscal year.
- The computer-generated selection process picked 65,000 from the entire pool of cap-subject petitions. Those that were not accepted and were eligible for the advanced degree exemption were transferred to the master’s cap pool for a second chance at selection. Because the regular cap is done first, followed by the master’s cap, USCIS has stated that your odds of selection as an advanced-degree holder increase by up to 16% versus the old cap ordering system.
- The second lottery selection picked 20,000 to meet the master’s H-1B cap.
- Singapore and Chile citizens have 6,800 spots specifically reserved for them.
- Not all petitions are subject to the cap. Cap-exempt petitions are those that:
- Previously counted against the cap
- Are intended to extend or lengthen the H-1B worker’s time in the country (H-1B visa extension)
- Change the employment terms for current H-1B employees (i.e., location, responsibilities, duties, etc.)
- Transfer an H-1B status to a different employers
- Allow the worker to be employed in a second position
- Are filed by a cap-exempt sponsor, which is either an institute of higher education, a nonprofit organization associated with an institute of higher education, or a governmental research center.
All petitions must have been submitted after 12 p.m. EST on March 1, 2023, and before 12 p.m. EST on March 17, 2023. If you submited your petition outside this window, USCIS will issue a denial. Those submitted in this window have equal chances of selection in the lottery. This means that all petitions submitted within the given time frame were processed regardless of when in that time frame it was submitted.
Learn more about H-1B Processing Time.
How to Increase Your H-1B Lottery Odds
There are a few ways to increase your H-1B lottery odds. The most obvious way to help your chances is to qualify for the master’s degree (or higher) cap exemption. Being in the master’s degree cap-exemption pool increases your chances of at least a few percentage points. Don’t file your petition after the cap is reached because then you have zero chance of obtaining an H-1B visa for the 2023–2024 fiscal year.
Another way to increase your H-1B lottery chances is to promptly submit your application and all necessary documents. If you procrastinate and miss the cutoff window, your chances will be zero.
Factors That Will Affect Registration Numbers
There are a number of current political, economic and health factors that will influence the number of H-1B registrations filed and suggest more registrations will come in this year. The downward trend of deaths and hospitalizations due to the pandemic, vaccine rollouts and increased travel across the globe all suggest increased registrations. Last year, we saw a significant percentage of employers who were chosen, did not file because of travel restrictions. In addition, the Biden Administration’s revocation of the Buy American, Hire American Executive order had the effect of increasing H-1B approval rates due to the changes USCIS made to handling the H-1B program. The H-1B denial rate for FY2021 was 4%, and the prior year it was 13%. The trajectory is pointed down to fewer likely denials this year.
How to Avoid Decreasing Your H-1B Probability
The fastest way to decrease your H-1B probability is if your employer submits more than one application for you. If USCIS receives multiple applications from an employer for one employee, they will reject them both. Having two applications submitted for you by one employer will eliminate your H-1B lottery chances.
Related Post: USCIS Ban on Multiple H-1B Filings for One Beneficiary by “Related” Employers
Also, don’t try to skirt the system by having multiple applications filed by different employers for identical projects. This will raise red flags with USCIS. You are legally allowed to have more than one job offer by multiple employers but make sure they are legitimate.
The Best Way to Increase Your H-1B Lottery Chances
There is one way to definitely increase your H-1B probability: don’t take part in the lottery. The lottery is only for cap-subject H-1B visas, but there are cap-exempt H-1B visas available for you.
What is the H-1B Visa Cap?
The H-1B Visa cap, enforced by USCIS, has a congressionally mandated limit of 65,000 for the regular pool. An additional 20,000 for the advanced degree (6,800 visas are also set aside for Chile and Singapore citizens).
Who is Exempt from the H-1B Cap?
To be considered a cap-exempt registration, you must have either been previously counted against the cap or have a position with a cap-exempt employer. Note that certain positions with qualified employers are not subject to the H-1B annual quota even if the candidate has not been counted against the cap previously.
A cap-exempt employer generally falls into one of the following categories:
- Higher education institution
- Non-profit organization associated with a higher education institution
- Non-profit research organization or government research organization
- A for-profit company that seeks to hire an individual for specialty occupation services to be provided to any of the three entities listed above
Below are the qualifications for an institution of higher education based on USCIS criteria. According to Section 101 (a) of the Higher Education Act, an institution of higher education must:
- Be considered a public or non-profit institution
- Provide admission to students who have earned a secondary education
- Be licensed by the proper institution to provide education beyond secondary school
- Offer educational programs that award bachelor’s degrees or, at a minimum, two-year educations towards a degree (Associate’s degree)
A non-profit organization or entity is tax-exempt and either of the following under the Internal Revenue Service (IRS): section 501(c)(3), (c)(4), or (c)(6) (see 26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3), (c)(4), or (c)(6)). Also, the non-profit should be approved as a tax-exempt organization for research or educational services by the IRS.
Additionally, if you are already an H-1B visa holder and want to transfer employers or extend your status, then you have already been counted against the cap, and your registration will be considered cap-exempt.
Keep in mind that transferring your status from one employer to the next has a caveat. If you originally came to the U.S. through a cap-exempt employer, transferring to another cap-exempt employer is not a problem. However, if you decide to transfer to a cap-subject employer, you will need to go through the lottery process.
Check out Top H-1B Transfer Denial Reasons.
Does Premium Processing Increase My H-1B Lottery Odds?
Premium processing does not increase your H-1B probability. It is an optional service that the USCIS offers for certain petitions, the I-129 being one of them. The fee is $2,500, and USCIS will process a petition in 15 calendar days rather than in the standard amount of time, which can take upwards of six months.
What Happens if You’re Selected in the H-1B Lottery?
Form I-797C, Notice of Action is issued by USCIS to communicate information pertaining to the receipt, rejection, transfer, reopening or an upcoming appointment should you be selected in the lottery. In the example below (disclaimer – names, IDs and personal information have been changed for privacy) you’ll see it has the title Fiscal Year 2024 Selection and then under it has the company, employer identification number, the person the registration was submitted on behalf of and the confirmation number. If selected, the next paragraph will say, “This registration was selected toward the number projected as needed to reach the congressionally mandated cap (regular cap).” In the next sentence, you will see what dates the company needs to file the corresponding H-1B petition. Be aware, no other beneficiary apart from the one identified in the I-797C may have a petition submitted. The petition should also include the start date of October 1, 2021.
Due to increased filing volumes typically seen during H-1B cap filing periods, there are instances where a petition is timely and properly filed, but issuance of Form I-797 is delayed. If a petitioner has confirmation from the delivery service that the petition was delivered, but they have not yet received Form I-797 confirming receipt of the petition, the petitioner should not submit a second petition. If a petitioner has confirmation from the delivery service that the petition was delivered and they then submit a second petition, the petitioner will be considered to have submitted duplicate petitions. This will result in the denial or revocation of both petitions.
Find out everything about H-1B Grace Period.
If more than 30 days have passed since the confirmation of delivery and the petitioner has still not received a Form I-797, the petitioner may contact the USCIS Contact Center for assistance.
If you are selected in the H-1B lottery, your sponsor needs to file the I-129 petition within 90 days of receiving the selection notification. One of the documents needing to be filed and approved is the H-1B Labor Condition Application with the Department of Labor. Also included in the complete H-1B package are details about the beneficiary. An immigration lawyer is the best person to handle the submission packet to ensure all necessary details are included. Once USCIS receives the complete application packet, you’ll receive a receipt notice. Premium processing is available for an additional $2,500, and it ensures USCIS will process it in 15 calendar days. After USCIS sends out the receipt notices, they’ll adjudicate the petitions, and you may receive more updated statuses plus any requests for evidence, if applicable. Sometimes USCIS needs more information on the beneficiary’s qualifications and the relationship between the employer and employee, among other documents.
The ideal scenario you will see is two case statuses, the first being “Case was Received” and then “Case was Approved.” Just remember that if you don’t select premium processing, then there’s really no telling how long processing your case will take, and it can sometimes take upwards of six months.
H-1B Visa Lottery 2023-24 Important Dates
Petitioners can expect to find out if they were selected in the lottery on March 31, 2023. Those petitions that have been selected are to be sent to the adjudicating service center. Afterward, a USCIS case number will be issued to monitor the ongoing status.
Another way to determine whether your H-1B petition has been selected in the lottery is to look at your bank statement to see if USCIS cashed the H-1B filing fee check. If it is cashed, be sure to make a note indicating the date.
March 1st, 2023, was the official filing date for petitions. It is important to note that any petitions submitted before this date will be rejected.
How to Check H-1B Lottery Results
There are a few ways to find out if you were selected in the H-1B. Here’s how to check your lottery status:
- One of the easiest ways is to see if USCIS deposited your H-1B application fee check. All petitions that are not selected have their fee refunded, so if USCIS cashed your check, then that’s one indication that it was chosen.
- Another way is to see if your employer received a 13-digit receipt number. This is mailed to them after your petition has been selected. If they didn’t receive one, then you were not selected. Once you obtain your 13-digit number, go to USCIS Case Status Tool Online. Enter the case number, and it should tell you the status.
- Lottery winners all receive a stamped I-797 Form from Immigration and Naturalization services to indicate they’ve been chosen in the lottery.
- If you’re a nonimmigrant student who applied under the advanced degree pool, then you can check your status by visiting the Student and Exchange Visitor Information (SEVIS) website. This site is kept very up-to-date as winners are selected.
- 24-month extension of post-completion OPT employment authorization – You can apply for this if you are an F1 student who has received a degree in one of the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, math), your employer is enrolled in E-Verify and you received an initial grant of post-completion OPT based on your STEM degree.
Understanding Your Status on USCIS Portal
After you log on to the USCIS case status online tool, you will see one of the following statuses next to your case number. Here’s what they mean:
- Submitted: If you see the word submitted, it’s still being considered by USCIS, and you may see this up until the end of the fiscal year. Your case hasn’t been rejected or approved yet.
- Selected: Celebrate because you were chosen in the lottery! Your sponsor needs to file the I-129 petition after April 1st, 2023. There may be staggered filing deadlines for individuals selected in the lottery to ease the registration process for USCIS. Your filing deadlines will be noted on your file, so be mindful of them.
- Not Selected: Unfortunately, you were not chosen. This status will remain like this until the end of the fiscal year (October 1, 2023).
- Denied: You will see this if your sponsor sent USCIS more than one registration for the same beneficiary.
After March 17, 2023, all registrations will say “submitted.” Some will change to “selected,” “denied,” or stay “submitted.” If USCIS needs to increase the registrations for either cap during the remainder of the fiscal year, it will select more registrations from the “submitted” pool. After October 1, 2023, the remaining “submitted” registrations will change to “not selected.”
What if the H-1B Lottery Results Reveal I Wasn’t Selected?
If your petition is not selected in the lottery, USCIS will return your petition and filing fee unless determined to be a duplicate filing, in which case USCIS will return it without the fee.
If your petition was marked as “wait-listed,” it may replace an initially selected petition later found to be ineligible or denied. The USCIS has confirmed that it selects more petitions than are given in the cap in anticipation of some being withdrawn or rejected.
Find out all about Top H-1B Visa Myths
Current Filing Fees: H-1B 2023-2024
We will keep you up-to-date with any changes to these H-1B filing fees, but it is always a good idea to consult with your immigration lawyer to see the best course of action for your situation. VisaNation Law Group has some of the most competitive filing fees including responding to RFEs. Please see this page for a more detailed outline of their H-1B attorney fees.
Here are the fees as of the date of this article:
Responsible for Fee
Premium Processing (optional)
Employer or Employee
Public Law 114-113 Fee
Basic Filing Fee
USCIS Anti-Fraud Fee
ACWIA Education and Training Fee
$750 (less than 25 employees)
$1,500 (more than 25 employees)
Note that the Public Law fee only applies to employers who have greater than fifty employees. Over half of those employees have to be H-1B holders for the fee to be imposed.
H-1B for Various Professionals
Contrary to popular belief, H-1B can be a versatile immigration option for some professionals for the following: