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Deportation/removal proceedings begin once the DHS files the Notice to Appear with the Immigration Court. These removal/deportation proceedings may be conducted in person, by video conference, or, in certain circumstances, by telephone conference. It is very important for the alien attend any hearing dates set by the immigration court as the immigration judge may conduct the hearing without the alien present and able to present his or her case. The DHS must prove that the alien is in the United States unlawfully and should be removed. At the hearing, the alien may present evidence supporting his or her case against removal.
Once an alien has been placed in removal proceedings, the case becomes procedurally more formal and the stakes for the alien become much higher
As in criminal cases, there are two types of court dates in Immigration Court, one is called Master Calendar and the other is the Individual Hearing. The first court date in the NTA will be for a Master Calendar date. On Master Calendar dates, the IJ deals with administrative issues, including scheduling, filing applications, pleading to the immigration charges, and other issues that arise.
The master calendar hearing deals with preliminary matters, including:
At the master calendar hearing the alien should be prepared to:
Individual Calendar Hearings
Evidentiary hearings on contested matters are referred to as individual calendar hearings or merits hearings which may be scheduled at the first hearing. Contested matters include challenges to removability/deportability and applications for relief. At these hearings the alien has the ability to introduce evidence and call witnesses to support any claims for relief they may have. Aliens also have the ability to object to the governments evidence and cross-examine the governments witnesses. After the alien and the government have presented their cases, the Immigration Judge will either enter an oral ruling at the conclusion of the hearing or issue a decision at a later date.
Why do I need an attorney?
VisaNation Law Group’s attorneys are committed to defending individuals in removal hearings and strive to achieve the best possible outcome depending on the facts of each case. Whether you need someone to represent you in removal/deportation proceedings or reopen an immigration proceeding, they are happy to talk with you and show you how we can help.